Foregrounding Equity in Climate Action (NIAS Policy Brief No. NIAS/NSE/EEC/U/PB/15/2022)

Kanitkar, Tejal (2022) Foregrounding Equity in Climate Action (NIAS Policy Brief No. NIAS/NSE/EEC/U/PB/15/2022). Policy Brief. NIAS, Bangalore.

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Abstract: The world has already warmed by about 1.07 deg. C (0.8–1.3 deg. C) as compared to the pre-industrial period (IPCC,2021) and the carbon budget for limiting warming to below 2 deg. C or 1.5 deg. C is rapidly shrinking. Developed countries, with about 18% of the global population, are responsible for over 60% of global historical emissions (~2516 GtCO2eq) between 1850 and 2019, while India alone is home to about a similar proportion of the global population but is responsible for only 4.5% of the global cumulative emissions between 1850 and 2019. India’s developmental challenges are significant and in the era of climate change need to be overcome even more urgently. India must strongly lobby for cumulative emissions and the total global carbon budget to be the basis for determining the adequacy and ambition of climate action as this is based on the best available science. Laying a claim on its fair share of the carbon budget is also necessary to ensure that developed countries and other fast emitters do not free-ride on the efforts of India and other developing countries to mitigate climate change. The actual use of this carbon space is contingent on how the energy landscape develops in the future and the extent to which other countries act to mitigate climate change as the latter will determine India’s adaptation needs as well. This policy brief discusses data that supports the recommendations for developing a science-based and equity-driven climate policy for India.
Item Type: Monograph (Policy Brief)
Keywords: Climate Change, Climate Action
Subjects: Programmes > Energy Environment and Climate Change Programme
NIAS Resources > NIAS Policy Brief
School of Natural and Engineering Sciences > Energy and Environment
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2022 02:46
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2022 16:43
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