Primates in Urban Settings

Sinha, Anindya and Vijayakrishnan, Sreedhar (2017) Primates in Urban Settings. In: The International Encyclopedia of Primatology. John Wiley and Sons Inc., pp. 1-8. ISBN 978-0-470-67337-9

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    Abstract: Nonhuman primates have coexisted with humans in urban habitats since historical times. While primate responses to human disturbances are variable and species-specific, certain populations have adapted ecologically, behaviorally, or physiologically and appear to thrive in urban landscapes, depending on the availability, quality, and quantity of resources available. The ecological changes that urban primates face have also led to various behavioral innovations, especially in habitat selection and dietary preferences, which enable these populations to survive and persist in urban environments. Certain biological consequences of urbanization, however, include biological stress, cross-species disease transmission, polyspecific associations and hybridization, and low population genetic variability. While urban human–nonhuman primate relationships are influenced by human cultural and individual attitudes, competition and conflict over resources is currently of great concern. Reactive and preventive management practices need to be introduced in order to reduce human–nonhuman primate conflict and ensure the conservation of the last remaining primate populations in urban spaces.
    Item Type: Book Section
    Keywords: human–nonhuman primate relationships; population management; primate conservation; primate ecology
    Subjects: Programmes > Animal Behaviour and Cognition
    School of Natural and Engineering Sciences > Animal Behaviour
    School of Natural and Engineering Sciences > Animal Studies
    Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2017 05:35
    Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 07:14
    URI: http://eprints.nias.res.in/id/eprint/1287

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