Population Survey and Conservation of the Bengal Slow Loris in Assam and Meghalaya, Northeastern India

Radhakrishna, Sindhu and Sinha, Anindya (2004) Population Survey and Conservation of the Bengal Slow Loris in Assam and Meghalaya, Northeastern India. Technical Report. National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bangalore, India. (Submitted)

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    Abstract: The Bengal slow loris Nycticebus bengalensis is a small-sized nocturnal primate that inhabits the forests of northeastern India. Despite being severely threatened by hunting and deforestation, lack of any information on its demography or ecology hamper the development of strategies to conserve and protect it. The aim of this project was to survey slow loris populations in the states of Assam and Meghalaya, in northeastern India, in order to acquire a relative abundance estimate of the species and understanding of the survival threats affecting it. A secondary objective of the project was also to find suitable populations of the species on which long-term behavioural studies could be initiated. Forests, plantations, tea estates and fringe areas bordering forests were surveyed during the night in eight districts in Assam and two districts in Meghalaya. Slow lorises were sighted in four districts in Assam - KarbiAnglong, Jorhat, Tinsukia and Nagaon – although there have been reports of slow loris presence from all the districts surveyed. A slow loris population suitable for a long-term behavioural study was identified within the Bherjan fragment of the Bherjan-Borajan-Podumoni Wildlife Sanctuary in Tinsukia, Assam. Death caused by speeding vehicles, disturbance caused by tree felling, trapping and hunting are identified as crucial survival threats to the species. It is strongly recommended that firm measures be undertaken to control the speed of vehicular traffic at night on roads that run through the forests, particularly on National Highways 39 and 37 that run through the Nambor forests and the Kaziranga National Park respectively. Environmental education programmes must be initiated in villages that border forest reserves, so that local individuals support efforts by the forest officials to curtail hunting and tree felling. Long-term behavioural studies that will collect baseline data on the socio-ecology of the species must be initiated urgently so that conservation measures and management strategies for the species may be implemented successfully
    Item Type: Monograph (Technical Report)
    Subjects: School of Natural and Engineering Sciences > Animal Behaviour
    Depositing User: NIAS IR Administrator
    Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2007 13:40
    Last Modified: 05 Jul 2007 13:40
    URI: http://eprints.nias.res.in/id/eprint/7

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