Conceptualizing Integrated Life-Cycle Management for Sustainable and Optimal Utilization of Used Cooking Oil (UCO)

Saurabh, K and Majumdar, Rudrodip (2022) Conceptualizing Integrated Life-Cycle Management for Sustainable and Optimal Utilization of Used Cooking Oil (UCO). In: VII International Conference on Sustainable Energy and Environmental Challenges (VII SEEC), 16 –18 December 2022, IIT BHU, Varanasi, India.

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Abstract: Used Cooking Oil (UCO) is generally viewed as waste discarded from household kitchens in rather small quantities. Contrary to this popular belief, UCO is generated in large volumes from high-end food-based operators (FBOs), amongst which fine-dining hotels and quick-service restaurants are the major contributors. As per the industry insights as well as several government reports, there exists a strong market for UCO in India as it is used in many industrial applications (biodiesel production and soap manufacture), apart from being recycled back into the food chain. In the face of climate change, emission reduction from the Indian freight transport sector remains a priority. Biodiesel has emerged as an effective alternate solution in reducing the emissions attributable to conventional internal combustion engine-based freight vehicles. Since the firstgeneration feedstock for biodiesel faces a debate revolving around ‘food vs fuel’ discussions, the second-generation feedstocks, such as UCO become even more relevant. Further, the biodiesel produced from UCO has been proven to be less polluting than petro-based diesel. It has a lesser environmental footprint as compared to the biodiesel produced from first-generation feedstock (e.g., biodiesel from palm stearin, for which native plant species are destroyed because of large-scale palm tree cultivation). However, the used cooking oil volumes emanating from various distribution facilities are largely inaccessible by the biodiesel manufacturers, primarily due to a lack of organized supply chain management in India. Since UCO is the end-of-life byproduct of edible oil as well as a raw material for biodiesel, the present study explores a possible conceptual template for a sustainable and integrated life cycle of oil in India, pivoted around the supply chain management of UCO. Industry insights have been used in this study to affirm the conceptual structure of the envisaged integration template.
Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: School of Natural and Engineering Sciences > Energy
School of Natural and Engineering Sciences > Energy and Environment
Divisions: Schools > Natural Sciences and Engineering
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2023 09:02
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2024 05:15
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