The Banj oak Quercus leucotrichophora as a potential mitigating factor for human-langur interactions in the Garhwal Himalayas, India: People’s perceptions and ecological importance

Nautiyal, Himani and Mathur, Virendra and Sinha, Anindya and Huffman, Michael A (2020) The Banj oak Quercus leucotrichophora as a potential mitigating factor for human-langur interactions in the Garhwal Himalayas, India: People’s perceptions and ecological importance. Global Ecology and Conservation, 22. e00985.

[img]
Preview
Text
2020-GEC-AnindyaSinha.pdf - Published Version

Download (3MB) | Preview
ContributionNameEmail
Abstract: Crop-foraging by primates is a rapidly growing concern. Effective mitigation strategies are urgently required to resolve this issue. In the Garhwal Himalayas, local people’s high dependency on forest resources is a major cause of habitat loss, which paves the way for human-primate interactions in this area. To investigate the socioeconomic factors that might explain langur crop-foraging, we conducted structured interviews among 215 households in the Garhwal Himalayas in India. We also examined langur resource use by monitoring their feeding and sleeping site activity. Less agricultural land, less agricultural production, and possession of large numbers of livestock significantly predicted villagers reporting crop-foraging events, although economic status of the correspondents did not have any effect. Perception of the villagers about reduction in forest resource was significantly affected by the amount of livestock possessed by the villagers. Our observations suggested that Banj oak Quercus leucotrichophora was the dominant species (59.2%, N = 306) in the pool of sleeping trees used by the langurs. Langurs also showed a preference in their use of sleeping sites and feeding sites, which were different from that expected by chance. Sleeping sites with high density of oak were re-used most frequently. Similarly, dense oak patches were also the preferred feeding patches. Thus, we suggest replanting of oak trees and conservation of intact oak patches, environmental education outreach, and empowerment of women in the community as potential mitigating factors to lessen the interaction between humans and langurs.
Item Type: Article
Keywords: Behavior ecology, conservation, Crop-foraging, Local livelihoods
Subjects: Programmes > Animal Behaviour and Cognition
School of Natural and Engineering Sciences > Animal Studies
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2020 16:37
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2020 16:38
Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/...
Related URLs:
    Funders: Rufford Small Grants (#16805e1)
    Projects: *
    DOI:
    URI: http://eprints.nias.res.in/id/eprint/1911

    Actions (login required)

    View Item View Item