Northern Telangana, an Iron and Crucible Steel Production Landscape in India

Juleff, Gillian and Jaikishan, Sriperumbudur and Srinivasan, Sharada and Ranganathan, S and Gilmour, Brian (2014) Northern Telangana, an Iron and Crucible Steel Production Landscape in India. ISIJ International, 54 (5). pp. 1030-1037. ISSN 0915-1559


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Abstract: Northern Telangana now lies in the remote rural heartland of India but is world renowned for its role in the past as a region of iron and crucible steel production, recorded in historical accounts and field investigations by first Thelma Lowe and then S. Jaikishan. In 2010 a joint team from University of Exeter and NIAS (National Institute of Advanced Studies), Bangalore, carried out a six-week archaeological field survey in the area that recorded 245 locations of which 183 are associated with metal-working. Locations of primary iron smelting dominated the survey results, with crucible steel manufacture forming c. 20% of the records. Further analysis is needed to resolve variations in smelting technologies but differences can be observed between smelting locations within settlements and those in more remote forested areas. A wide range of technologies are indicated by differences in tuyere size and shape, and techniques of furnace wall construction. The crucible steel-making locations show at least two different traditions using small, thin-walled crucibles and large, conical-lidded crucibles. This paper describes a preliminary assessment of the survey data.
Item Type: Journal Paper
Additional Information: Copyright belongs to Publisher
Keywords: crucible steel; iron smelting; India; field survey
Subjects: School of Humanities > History
Divisions: Schools > Humanities
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2014 06:53
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2017 06:48
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    Funders: UNSPECIFIED
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