Pipeline politics-A study of India's proposed cross border gas projects

Nathan, Hippu Salk Kristle and Kulkarni, Sanket Sudhir and Ahuja, Dilip R (2013) Pipeline politics-A study of India's proposed cross border gas projects. Energy Policy, 62. pp. 145-156. ISSN 0301-4215

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    Abstract: India′s energy situation is characterized by increasing energy demand, high fossil fuel dependency, large import shares, and significant portion of population deprived of modern energy services. At this juncture, natural gas, being the cleanest fossil fuel with high efficiency and cost effectiveness, is expected to play an important role. India, with only 0.6% of proven world reserves, is not endowed with adequate natural gas domestically. Nevertheless, there are gas reserves in neighbouring regions which gives rise to the prospects of three cross border gas pipeline projects, namely, Iran–Pakistan–India, Turkmenistan– Afghanistan–Pakistan–India, and Myanmar–Bangladesh–India. This study is a political analysis of these pipeline projects. First, it provides justification on use of natural gas and promotion of cross border energy trade. Then it examines these three pipeline projects and analyses the security concerns, role of different actors, their positions, shifting goals, and strategies. The study develops scenarios on the basis of changing circumstances and discusses some of the pertinent issues like technology options for underground/underwater pipelines and role of private players. It also explores impact of India′s broader foreign relations and role of SAARC on the future of pipelines and proposes energy induced mutually assured protection (MAP) as a concept for regional security.
    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Cross border energy trade Gas pipeline projects—IPI, TAPI, MBI Political analysis
    Subjects: School of Natural and Engineering Sciences > Energy
    Divisions: Schools > Natural Sciences and Engineering
    Depositing User: NIAS IR Administrator
    Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2013 10:38
    Last Modified: 28 Nov 2013 06:16
    URI: http://eprints.nias.res.in/id/eprint/382

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