Dispossession without displacement: Producing property through slum redevelopment in Bengaluru, India

Upadhya, Carol and Rao, Deeksha M (2023) Dispossession without displacement: Producing property through slum redevelopment in Bengaluru, India. Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space, 55 (2). pp. 428-444.

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Abstract: The paper examines the role of slum redevelopment in the production of private property in land in a fast-growing city of southern India. Drawing on an in-depth case study in Bengaluru, we show that the tenurial rights of slum residents were eroded when the contested land on which they lived – which was layered with multiple rights and claims of various actors – was confirmed by the court as the sole property of an individual who claimed to be its owner. The transformation of the plot into private property and therefore into a fungible asset, free of encumbrances, allowed the landowner, the political entrepreneurs who spearheaded the redevelopment project, and various intermediaries to capture most of the rapidly escalating value of the land. The exchange of recognized land tenure rights for small flats carrying conditional titles further excluded slum residents from ‘proper’ urban citizenship based on property ownership and exacerbated the precarity of their lives in the city. In this case, in-situ (on the same site) slum redevelopment is shown to operate as a modality of enclosure in which the urban poor are displaced even while remaining in place – or a process of dispossession without displacement.
Item Type: Journal Paper
Subjects: School of Social Sciences > Urbanization
Divisions: Schools > Social Sciences
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2023 07:23
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2023 04:31
Official URL: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0308518X2...
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    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0308518X221073988
    URI: http://eprints.nias.res.in/id/eprint/2513

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