Hydrological maps as a tool for the exploration of historical water systems at Badami, Karnataka, India

Suganya, Kuili and Harshavardhan, Mythrayi and Rajani, MB (2022) Hydrological maps as a tool for the exploration of historical water systems at Badami, Karnataka, India. Water History.

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Abstract: Badami is a renowned heritage site in the semi-arid part of Karnataka, India, known for its ornate sandstone structures and a historical reservoir, Agastya Thirtha. The present study uses Remote Sensing imagery to identify water features and digital elevation model to generate hydrology maps (catchment and stream maps) and demonstrates the role of historical water harvesting systems in this landscape. The use of hydrology maps has enabled recognising the significance of the seemingly mundane looking, lesser-known small water harvesting structures that dot the landscape, which have sustained the millennium-old reservoir. The study has made an original contribution by identifying the historical water structures of Badami that form part of a larger hydrological network. These structures are (1) a few cisterns (2) a cliff cut channel and an open masonry channel (dating to the Chalukyan period), (3) an aqueduct (dating to the Vijayanagara period) and (4) low masonry walls that were built for channeling water. The paper also presents an analysis of the topography, hydrology, and engineering systems developed in the past for sustainably harvesting water.
Item Type: Journal Paper
Keywords: Badami, Geospatial tools, Aqueduct, GIS, Hydrology maps, Historical water systems, Protected monuments
Subjects: School of Humanities > Archaeology
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2022 08:52
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2022 08:55
Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12685-0...
Related URLs:
    Funders: Department of Science and Technology, Government of India
    Projects: Indian Heritage in Digital Space
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12685-022-00309-8
    URI: http://eprints.nias.res.in/id/eprint/2415

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