India’s Internal Security: Threat Perception and Way Forward

Behera, Anshuman (2021) India’s Internal Security: Threat Perception and Way Forward. CLAWS Journal, 15 (2). pp. 28-45. ISSN 2319-5177

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Abstract: Contrary to popular discourse, the threats emanating from the internal security issues pose serious security threats to the Indian state and its people. Faced with numerous internal security challenges, the Indian experience of dealing with them has been a mixed experience. Arguably, no other country has ever faced such multiple internal security threats, in various forms and intensity than the Indian state. While the threat perception emanating from the internal security challenges have de-escalated over the last few years, they refuse to die down. Considering the immediacy of the issue, this paper critically engages with the contemporary internal security challenges that the Indian state encounters. In doing so the paper reflects upon the very process through which each of these internal security threats operates and highlights the nature and the intensity of threat perception. Through providing a conceptual framework, the paper also evaluates the state responses to the internal security issues. The paper limits its scope to four major internal security issues in India: The Left-Wing Extremism (LWE), the violent conflicts in the Northeastern states, Separatism and terrorism in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), and communal violence and religious radicalisation.
Item Type: Journal Paper
Keywords: India's internal security, terrorism, communal violence, religious radicalisation, separatism, Northeastern States, Jammu and Kashmir
Subjects: Programmes > Conflict Resolution and Peace Research Programme
School of Conflict and Security Studies > Political Conflict
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2022 15:39
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2022 16:09
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